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WebHDFS

Output observability events into WebHDFS

status: beta delivery: at-least-once acknowledgements: yes egress: stream state: stateless

Configuration

Example configurations

{
  "sinks": {
    "my_sink_id": {
      "type": "webhdfs",
      "inputs": [
        "my-source-or-transform-id"
      ]
    }
  }
}
[sinks.my_sink_id]
type = "webhdfs"
inputs = [ "my-source-or-transform-id" ]
sinks:
  my_sink_id:
    type: webhdfs
    inputs:
      - my-source-or-transform-id
{
  "sinks": {
    "my_sink_id": {
      "type": "webhdfs",
      "inputs": [
        "my-source-or-transform-id"
      ],
      "compression": "gzip",
      "endpoint": "http://127.0.0.1:9870"
    }
  }
}
[sinks.my_sink_id]
type = "webhdfs"
inputs = [ "my-source-or-transform-id" ]
compression = "gzip"
endpoint = "http://127.0.0.1:9870"
sinks:
  my_sink_id:
    type: webhdfs
    inputs:
      - my-source-or-transform-id
    compression: gzip
    endpoint: http://127.0.0.1:9870

acknowledgements

optional object

Controls how acknowledgements are handled for this sink.

See End-to-end Acknowledgements for more information on how event acknowledgement is handled.

Whether or not end-to-end acknowledgements are enabled.

When enabled for a sink, any source connected to that sink, where the source supports end-to-end acknowledgements as well, waits for events to be acknowledged by the sink before acknowledging them at the source.

Enabling or disabling acknowledgements at the sink level takes precedence over any global acknowledgements configuration.

batch

optional object
Event batching behavior.

batch.max_bytes

optional uint

The maximum size of a batch that is processed by a sink.

This is based on the uncompressed size of the batched events, before they are serialized/compressed.

default: 1e+07 (bytes)

batch.max_events

optional uint
The maximum size of a batch before it is flushed.

batch.timeout_secs

optional float
The maximum age of a batch before it is flushed.
default: 300 (seconds)

buffer

optional object

Configures the buffering behavior for this sink.

More information about the individual buffer types, and buffer behavior, can be found in the Buffering Model section.

buffer.max_events

optional uint
The maximum number of events allowed in the buffer.
Relevant when: type = "memory"
default: 500

buffer.max_size

required uint

The maximum size of the buffer on disk.

Must be at least ~256 megabytes (268435488 bytes).

Relevant when: type = "disk"

buffer.type

optional string literal enum
The type of buffer to use.
Enum options
OptionDescription
disk

Events are buffered on disk.

This is less performant, but more durable. Data that has been synchronized to disk will not be lost if Vector is restarted forcefully or crashes.

Data is synchronized to disk every 500ms.

memory

Events are buffered in memory.

This is more performant, but less durable. Data will be lost if Vector is restarted forcefully or crashes.

default: memory

buffer.when_full

optional string literal enum
Event handling behavior when a buffer is full.
Enum options
OptionDescription
block

Wait for free space in the buffer.

This applies backpressure up the topology, signalling that sources should slow down the acceptance/consumption of events. This means that while no data is lost, data will pile up at the edge.

drop_newest

Drops the event instead of waiting for free space in buffer.

The event will be intentionally dropped. This mode is typically used when performance is the highest priority, and it is preferable to temporarily lose events rather than cause a slowdown in the acceptance/consumption of events.

default: block

compression

optional string literal enum

Compression configuration.

All compression algorithms use the default compression level unless otherwise specified.

Enum options string literal
OptionDescription
gzipGzip compression.
noneNo compression.
snappySnappy compression.
zlibZlib compression.
zstdZstandard compression.
default: gzip

encoding

required object
Configures how events are encoded into raw bytes.

encoding.avro

required object
Apache Avro-specific encoder options.
Relevant when: codec = "avro"
encoding.avro.schema
required string literal
The Avro schema.
Examples
"{ \"type\": \"record\", \"name\": \"log\", \"fields\": [{ \"name\": \"message\", \"type\": \"string\" }] }"

encoding.codec

required string literal enum
The codec to use for encoding events.
Enum options
OptionDescription
avroEncodes an event as an Apache Avro message.
csv

Encodes an event as a CSV message.

This codec must be configured with fields to encode.

gelf

Encodes an event as a GELF message.

This codec is experimental for the following reason:

The GELF specification is more strict than the actual Graylog receiver. Vector’s encoder currently adheres more strictly to the GELF spec, with the exception that some characters such as @ are allowed in field names.

Other GELF codecs such as Loki’s, use a Go SDK that is maintained by Graylog, and is much more relaxed than the GELF spec.

Going forward, Vector will use that Go SDK as the reference implementation, which means the codec may continue to relax the enforcement of specification.

jsonEncodes an event as JSON.
logfmtEncodes an event as a logfmt message.
native

Encodes an event in the native Protocol Buffers format.

This codec is experimental.

native_json

Encodes an event in the native JSON format.

This codec is experimental.

protobufEncodes an event as a Protobuf message.
raw_message

No encoding.

This encoding uses the message field of a log event.

Be careful if you are modifying your log events (for example, by using a remap transform) and removing the message field while doing additional parsing on it, as this could lead to the encoding emitting empty strings for the given event.

text

Plain text encoding.

This encoding uses the message field of a log event. For metrics, it uses an encoding that resembles the Prometheus export format.

Be careful if you are modifying your log events (for example, by using a remap transform) and removing the message field while doing additional parsing on it, as this could lead to the encoding emitting empty strings for the given event.

Examples
"avro"
"csv"
"gelf"
"json"
"logfmt"
"native"
"native_json"
"protobuf"
"raw_message"
"text"

encoding.csv

required object
The CSV Serializer Options.
Relevant when: codec = "csv"
Set the capacity (in bytes) of the internal buffer used in the CSV writer. This defaults to a reasonable setting.
default: 8192
The field delimiter to use when writing CSV.
default: 44

Enable double quote escapes.

This is enabled by default, but it may be disabled. When disabled, quotes in field data are escaped instead of doubled.

default: true
encoding.csv.escape
optional uint

The escape character to use when writing CSV.

In some variants of CSV, quotes are escaped using a special escape character like \ (instead of escaping quotes by doubling them).

To use this, double_quotes needs to be disabled as well otherwise it is ignored.

default: 34
encoding.csv.fields
required [string]

Configures the fields that will be encoded, as well as the order in which they appear in the output.

If a field is not present in the event, the output will be an empty string.

Values of type Array, Object, and Regex are not supported and the output will be an empty string.

encoding.csv.quote
optional uint
The quote character to use when writing CSV.
default: 34
encoding.csv.quote_style
optional string literal enum
The quoting style to use when writing CSV data.
Enum options
OptionDescription
alwaysAlways puts quotes around every field.
necessaryPuts quotes around fields only when necessary. They are necessary when fields contain a quote, delimiter, or record terminator. Quotes are also necessary when writing an empty record (which is indistinguishable from a record with one empty field).
neverNever writes quotes, even if it produces invalid CSV data.
non_numericPuts quotes around all fields that are non-numeric. Namely, when writing a field that does not parse as a valid float or integer, then quotes are used even if they aren’t strictly necessary.
default: necessary

encoding.except_fields

optional [string]
List of fields that are excluded from the encoded event.

encoding.metric_tag_values

optional string literal enum

Controls how metric tag values are encoded.

When set to single, only the last non-bare value of tags are displayed with the metric. When set to full, all metric tags are exposed as separate assignments.

Relevant when: codec = "json" or codec = "text"
Enum options
OptionDescription
fullAll tags are exposed as arrays of either string or null values.
singleTag values are exposed as single strings, the same as they were before this config option. Tags with multiple values show the last assigned value, and null values are ignored.
default: single

encoding.only_fields

optional [string]
List of fields that are included in the encoded event.

encoding.protobuf

required object
Options for the Protobuf serializer.
Relevant when: codec = "protobuf"
encoding.protobuf.desc_file
required string literal

The path to the protobuf descriptor set file.

This file is the output of protoc -o <path> ...

Examples
"/etc/vector/protobuf_descriptor_set.desc"
encoding.protobuf.message_type
required string literal
The name of the message type to use for serializing.
Examples
"package.Message"

encoding.timestamp_format

optional string literal enum
Format used for timestamp fields.
Enum options
OptionDescription
rfc3339Represent the timestamp as a RFC 3339 timestamp.
unixRepresent the timestamp as a Unix timestamp.
unix_floatRepresent the timestamp as a Unix timestamp in floating point.
unix_msRepresent the timestamp as a Unix timestamp in milliseconds.
unix_nsRepresent the timestamp as a Unix timestamp in nanoseconds.
unix_usRepresent the timestamp as a Unix timestamp in microseconds

endpoint

optional string literal

An HDFS cluster consists of a single NameNode, a master server that manages the file system namespace and regulates access to files by clients.

The endpoint is the HDFS’s web restful HTTP API endpoint.

For more information, see the HDFS Architecture documentation.

Examples
"http://127.0.0.1:9870"

framing

optional object
Framing configuration.
Options for the character delimited encoder.
Relevant when: method = "character_delimited"
The ASCII (7-bit) character that delimits byte sequences.

framing.method

required string literal enum
The framing method.
Enum options
OptionDescription
bytesEvent data is not delimited at all.
character_delimitedEvent data is delimited by a single ASCII (7-bit) character.
length_delimited

Event data is prefixed with its length in bytes.

The prefix is a 32-bit unsigned integer, little endian.

newline_delimitedEvent data is delimited by a newline (LF) character.
Examples
"bytes"
"character_delimited"
"length_delimited"
"newline_delimited"

healthcheck

optional object
Healthcheck configuration.

healthcheck.enabled

optional bool
Whether or not to check the health of the sink when Vector starts up.
default: true

inputs

required [string]

A list of upstream source or transform IDs.

Wildcards (*) are supported.

See configuration for more info.

Array string literal
Examples
[
  "my-source-or-transform-id",
  "prefix-*"
]

prefix

optional string template

A prefix to apply to all keys.

Prefixes are useful for partitioning objects, such as by creating a blob key that stores blobs under a particular directory. If using a prefix for this purpose, it must end in / to act as a directory path. A trailing / is not automatically added.

The final file path is in the format of {root}/{prefix}{suffix}.

Note: This parameter supports Vector's template syntax, which enables you to use dynamic per-event values.

root

optional string literal

The root path for WebHDFS.

Must be a valid directory.

The final file path is in the format of {root}/{prefix}{suffix}.

Telemetry

Metrics

link

buffer_byte_size

gauge
The number of bytes current in the buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_discarded_events_total

counter
The number of events dropped by this non-blocking buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_events

gauge
The number of events currently in the buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_received_event_bytes_total

counter
The number of bytes received by this buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_received_events_total

counter
The number of events received by this buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_sent_event_bytes_total

counter
The number of bytes sent by this buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

buffer_sent_events_total

counter
The number of events sent by this buffer.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

component_discarded_events_total

counter
The number of events dropped by this component.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
intentional
True if the events were discarded intentionally, like a filter transform, or false if due to an error.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

component_errors_total

counter
The total number of errors encountered by this component.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
error_type
The type of the error
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
stage
The stage within the component at which the error occurred.

component_received_event_bytes_total

counter
The number of event bytes accepted by this component either from tagged origins like file and uri, or cumulatively from other origins.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_received_events_count

histogram

A histogram of the number of events passed in each internal batch in Vector’s internal topology.

Note that this is separate than sink-level batching. It is mostly useful for low level debugging performance issues in Vector due to small internal batches.

component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_received_events_total

counter
The number of events accepted by this component either from tagged origins like file and uri, or cumulatively from other origins.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_sent_bytes_total

counter
The number of raw bytes sent by this component to destination sinks.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
endpoint optional
The endpoint to which the bytes were sent. For HTTP, this will be the host and path only, excluding the query string.
file optional
The absolute path of the destination file.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
protocol
The protocol used to send the bytes.
region optional
The AWS region name to which the bytes were sent. In some configurations, this may be a literal hostname.

component_sent_event_bytes_total

counter
The total number of event bytes emitted by this component.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
output optional
The specific output of the component.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

component_sent_events_total

counter
The total number of events emitted by this component.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
output optional
The specific output of the component.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

utilization

gauge
A ratio from 0 to 1 of the load on a component. A value of 0 would indicate a completely idle component that is simply waiting for input. A value of 1 would indicate a that is never idle. This value is updated every 5 seconds.
component_id
The Vector component ID.
component_kind
The Vector component kind.
component_type
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

How it works

Health checks

Health checks ensure that the downstream service is accessible and ready to accept data. This check is performed upon sink initialization. If the health check fails an error will be logged and Vector will proceed to start.

Require health checks

If you’d like to exit immediately upon a health check failure, you can pass the --require-healthy flag:

vector --config /etc/vector/vector.yaml --require-healthy

Disable health checks

If you’d like to disable health checks for this sink you can set the healthcheck option to false.

State

This component is stateless, meaning its behavior is consistent across each input.