AWS S3

Collect logs from AWS S3

status: beta role: aggregator delivery: at-least-once acknowledgements: yes egress: stream state: stateless output: log

Requirements

The AWS S3 source requires a SQS queue configured to receive S3 bucket notifications for the desired S3 buckets.

Configuration

Example configurations

{
  "sources": {
    "my_source_id": {
      "type": "aws_s3",
      "acknowledgements": null,
      "region": "us-east-1",
      "sqs": null
    }
  }
}
[sources.my_source_id]
type = "aws_s3"
region = "us-east-1"
---
sources:
  my_source_id:
    type: aws_s3
    acknowledgements: null
    region: us-east-1
    sqs: null
{
  "sources": {
    "my_source_id": {
      "type": "aws_s3",
      "auth": null,
      "endpoint": "http://127.0.0.0:5000/path/to/service",
      "acknowledgements": null,
      "strategy": "sqs",
      "compression": "text",
      "multiline": null,
      "proxy": null,
      "tls": null,
      "region": "us-east-1",
      "sqs": null
    }
  }
}
[sources.my_source_id]
type = "aws_s3"
endpoint = "http://127.0.0.0:5000/path/to/service"
strategy = "sqs"
compression = "text"
region = "us-east-1"
---
sources:
  my_source_id:
    type: aws_s3
    auth: null
    endpoint: http://127.0.0.0:5000/path/to/service
    acknowledgements: null
    strategy: sqs
    compression: text
    multiline: null
    proxy: null
    tls: null
    region: us-east-1
    sqs: null

acknowledgements

common optional object
Controls how acknowledgements are handled by this source. These settings override the global acknowledgement settings. This setting is deprecated in favor of enabling acknowledgements in the destination sink.
Controls if the source will wait for destination sinks to deliver the events before acknowledging receipt.
default: false

auth

optional object
Options for the authentication strategy.

auth.access_key_id

optional string literal
The AWS access key id. Used for AWS authentication when communicating with AWS services.
Examples
"AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE"

auth.assume_role

optional string literal
The ARN of an IAM role to assume at startup.
Examples
"arn:aws:iam::123456789098:role/my_role"
The timeout for loading credentials. Relevant when the default credentials chain is used or assume_role.
Examples
30
default: 5 (seconds)

auth.profile

optional string literal
The AWS profile name. Used to select AWS credentials from a provided credentials file.
Examples
"develop"
default: default

auth.secret_access_key

optional string literal
The AWS secret access key. Used for AWS authentication when communicating with AWS services.
Examples
"wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY"

compression

optional string literal enum
The compression format of the S3 objects..
Enum options string literal
OptionDescription
autoVector will try to determine the compression format of the object from its: Content-Encoding metadata, Content-Type metadata, and key suffix (e.g. .gz). It will fallback to ‘none’ if it cannot determine the compression.
gzipGZIP format.
noneUncompressed.
zstdZSTD format.
default: text

endpoint

optional string literal
Custom endpoint for use with AWS-compatible services.
Examples
"http://127.0.0.0:5000/path/to/service"

multiline

optional object
Multiline parsing configuration. If not specified, multiline parsing is disabled.

multiline.condition_pattern

optional string regex
Condition regex pattern to look for. Exact behavior is configured via mode.
Examples
"^[\\s]+"
"\\\\$"
"^(INFO|ERROR) "
";$"

multiline.mode

optional string literal enum
Mode of operation, specifies how the condition_pattern is interpreted.
Enum options
OptionDescription
continue_pastAll consecutive lines matching this pattern, plus one additional line, are included in the group. This is useful in cases where a log message ends with a continuation marker, such as a backslash, indicating that the following line is part of the same message.
continue_throughAll consecutive lines matching this pattern are included in the group. The first line (the line that matched the start pattern) does not need to match the ContinueThrough pattern. This is useful in cases such as a Java stack trace, where some indicator in the line (such as leading whitespace) indicates that it is an extension of the preceding line.
halt_beforeAll consecutive lines not matching this pattern are included in the group. This is useful where a log line contains a marker indicating that it begins a new message.
halt_withAll consecutive lines, up to and including the first line matching this pattern, are included in the group. This is useful where a log line ends with a termination marker, such as a semicolon.
Examples
"continue_through"
"continue_past"
"halt_before"
"halt_with"

multiline.start_pattern

optional string regex
Start regex pattern to look for as a beginning of the message.
Examples
"^[^\\s]"
"\\\\$"
"^(INFO|ERROR) "
"[^;]$"
The maximum time to wait for the continuation. Once this timeout is reached, the buffered message is guaranteed to be flushed, even if incomplete.
Examples
1000
600000

proxy

optional object
Configures an HTTP(S) proxy for Vector to use. By default, the globally configured proxy is used.

proxy.enabled

optional bool
If false the proxy will be disabled.
default: true

proxy.http

optional string literal
The URL to proxy HTTP requests through.
Examples
"http://foo.bar:3128"

proxy.https

optional string literal
The URL to proxy HTTPS requests through.
Examples
"http://foo.bar:3128"

proxy.no_proxy

optional [string]

A list of hosts to avoid proxying. Allowed patterns here include:

PatternExample match
Domain namesexample.com matches requests to example.com
Wildcard domains.example.com matches requests to example.com and its subdomains
IP addresses127.0.0.1 matches requests to 127.0.0.1
CIDR blocks192.168.0.0./16 matches requests to any IP addresses in this range
Splat* matches all hosts

region

required string literal
The AWS region of the target service.
Examples
"us-east-1"

sqs

common optional object
SQS strategy options. Required if strategy=sqs.

sqs.delete_message

optional bool
Whether to delete the message once Vector processes it. It can be useful to set this to false to debug or during initial Vector setup.
default: true

sqs.poll_secs

optional uint
How long to wait when polling SQS for new messages.
default: 15 (seconds)

sqs.queue_url

optional string literal
The URL of the SQS queue to receive bucket notifications from.
Examples
"https://sqs.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/123456789012/MyQueue"
The visibility timeout to use for messages in secords. This controls how long a message is left unavailable when a Vector receives it. If a vector does not delete the message before the timeout expires, it will be made reavailable for another consumer; this can happen if, for example, the vector process crashes.
default: 300 (seconds)

strategy

optional string literal enum
The strategy to use to consume objects from AWS S3.
Enum options string literal
OptionDescription
sqsConsume S3 objects by polling for bucket notifications sent to an AWS SQS queue.
default: sqs

tls

optional object
Configures the TLS options for outgoing connections.

tls.ca_file

optional string literal
Absolute path to an additional CA certificate file, in DER or PEM format (X.509), or an inline CA certificate in PEM format.
Examples
"/path/to/certificate_authority.crt"

tls.crt_file

optional string literal
Absolute path to a certificate file used to identify this connection, in DER or PEM format (X.509) or PKCS#12, or an inline certificate in PEM format. If this is set and is not a PKCS#12 archive, key_file must also be set.
Examples
"/path/to/host_certificate.crt"

tls.key_file

optional string literal
Absolute path to a private key file used to identify this connection, in DER or PEM format (PKCS#8), or an inline private key in PEM format. If this is set, crt_file must also be set.
Examples
"/path/to/host_certificate.key"

tls.key_pass

optional string literal
Pass phrase used to unlock the encrypted key file. This has no effect unless key_file is set.
Examples
"${KEY_PASS_ENV_VAR}"
"PassWord1"
If true (the default), Vector will validate the TLS certificate of the remote host. Specifically the issuer is checked but not CRLs (Certificate Revocation Lists).
default: true

tls.verify_hostname

optional bool
If true (the default), Vector will validate the configured remote host name against the remote host’s TLS certificate. Do NOT set this to false unless you understand the risks of not verifying the remote hostname.
default: true

Environment variables

AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID

common optional string literal
The AWS access key id. Used for AWS authentication when communicating with AWS services.
Examples
AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE

AWS_CONFIG_FILE

common optional string literal
Specifies the location of the file that the AWS CLI uses to store configuration profiles.
Default: ~/.aws/config

AWS_CREDENTIAL_EXPIRATION

common optional string literal
Expiration time in RFC 3339 format. If unset, credentials won’t expire.
Examples
1996-12-19T16:39:57-08:00

AWS_DEFAULT_REGION

common optional string literal
The default AWS region.
Examples
/path/to/credentials.json

AWS_PROFILE

common optional string literal
Specifies the name of the CLI profile with the credentials and options to use. This can be the name of a profile stored in a credentials or config file.
Default: default
Examples
my-custom-profile

AWS_ROLE_SESSION_NAME

common optional string literal
Specifies a name to associate with the role session. This value appears in CloudTrail logs for commands performed by the user of this profile.
Examples
vector-session

AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY

common optional string literal
The AWS secret access key. Used for AWS authentication when communicating with AWS services.
Examples
wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY

AWS_SESSION_TOKEN

common optional string literal
The AWS session token. Used for AWS authentication when communicating with AWS services.
Examples
AQoEXAMPLEH4aoAH0gNCAPy...truncated...zrkuWJOgQs8IZZaIv2BXIa2R4Olgk

AWS_SHARED_CREDENTIALS_FILE

common optional string literal
Specifies the location of the file that the AWS CLI uses to store access keys.
Default: ~/.aws/credentials

HTTPS_PROXY

common optional string literal

The global URL to proxy HTTPS requests through.

If another HTTPS proxy is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one will be overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
http://foo.bar:3128

HTTP_PROXY

common optional string literal

The global URL to proxy HTTP requests through.

If another HTTP proxy is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one will be overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
http://foo.bar:3128

NO_PROXY

common optional string literal

List of hosts to avoid proxying globally.

Allowed patterns here include:

PatternExample match
Domain namesexample.com matches requests to example.com
Wildcard domains.example.come matches requests to example.com and its subdomains
IP addresses127.0.0.1 matches requests to 127.0.0.1
CIDR blocks192.168.0.0./16 matches requests to any IP addresses in this range
Splat* matches all hosts

If another no_proxy value is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one is overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
localhost,.example.com,192.168.0.0./16
*

http_proxy

common optional string literal

The global URL to proxy HTTP requests through.

If another HTTP proxy is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one will be overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
http://foo.bar:3128

https_proxy

common optional string literal

The global URL to proxy HTTPS requests through.

If another HTTPS proxy is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one will be overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
http://foo.bar:3128

no_proxy

common optional string literal

List of hosts to avoid proxying globally.

Allowed patterns here include:

PatternExample match
Domain namesexample.com matches requests to example.com
Wildcard domains.example.come matches requests to example.com and its subdomains
IP addresses127.0.0.1 matches requests to 127.0.0.1
CIDR blocks192.168.0.0./16 matches requests to any IP addresses in this range
Splat* matches all hosts

If another no_proxy value is set in the configuration file or at a component level, this one is overridden.

The lowercase variant has priority over the uppercase one.

Examples
localhost,.example.com,192.168.0.0./16
*

Outputs

<component_id>

Default output stream of the component. Use this component’s ID as an input to downstream transforms and sinks.

Output Data

Logs

Object

A line from an S3 object.
Fields
bucket required string literal
The bucket of the object the line came from.
Examples
my-bucket
message required string literal
A line from the S3 object.
Examples
53.126.150.246 - - [01/Oct/2020:11:25:58 -0400] "GET /disintermediate HTTP/2.0" 401 20308
object required string literal
The object the line came from.
Examples
AWSLogs/111111111111/vpcflowlogs/us-east-1/2020/10/26/111111111111_vpcflowlogs_us-east-1_fl-0c5605d9f1baf680d_20201026T1950Z_b1ea4a7a.log.gz
region required string literal
The AWS region bucket is in.
Examples
us-east-1
timestamp required timestamp
The Last-Modified time of the object. Defaults the current timestamp if this information is missing.
Examples
2020-10-10T17:07:36.452332Z

Telemetry

Metrics

link

component_discarded_events_total

counter
The number of events dropped by this component.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

component_errors_total

counter
The total number of errors encountered by this component.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
error_type required
The type of the error
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
stage required
The stage within the component at which the error occurred.

component_received_bytes_total

counter
The number of raw bytes accepted by this component from source origins.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_received_event_bytes_total

counter
The number of event bytes accepted by this component either from tagged origins like file and uri, or cumulatively from other origins.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_received_events_total

counter
The number of events accepted by this component either from tagged origins like file and uri, or cumulatively from other origins.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

component_sent_event_bytes_total

counter
The total number of event bytes emitted by this component.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
output optional
The specific output of the component.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

component_sent_events_total

counter
The total number of events emitted by this component.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
output optional
The specific output of the component.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

events_in_total

counter
The number of events accepted by this component either from tagged origins like file and uri, or cumulatively from other origins. This metric is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use component_received_events_total instead.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the data originated.
file optional
The file from which the data originated.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the data originated.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the data originated.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the data originated.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the data originated.

events_out_total

counter
The total number of events emitted by this component. This metric is deprecated and will be removed in a future version. Use component_sent_events_total instead.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
output optional
The specific output of the component.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

processed_bytes_total

counter
The number of bytes processed by the component.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
container_name optional
The name of the container from which the bytes originate.
file optional
The file from which the bytes originate.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
mode optional
The connection mode used by the component.
peer_addr optional
The IP from which the bytes originate.
peer_path optional
The pathname from which the bytes originate.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.
pod_name optional
The name of the pod from which the bytes originate.
uri optional
The sanitized URI from which the bytes originate.

sqs_message_delete_failed_total

counter
The total number of failures to delete SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_delete_succeeded_total

counter
The total number of successful deletions of SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_processing_failed_total

counter
The total number of failures to process SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_processing_succeeded_total

counter
The total number of SQS messages successfully processed.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_receive_failed_total

counter
The total number of failures to receive SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_receive_succeeded_total

counter
The total number of times successfully receiving SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_message_received_messages_total

counter
The total number of received SQS messages.
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

sqs_s3_event_record_ignored_total

counter
The total number of times an S3 record in an SQS message was ignored (for an event that was not ObjectCreated).
component_id required
The Vector component ID.
component_kind required
The Vector component kind.
component_name required
Deprecated, use component_id instead. The value is the same as component_id.
component_type required
The Vector component type.
host optional
The hostname of the system Vector is running on.
ignore_type required
The reason for ignoring the S3 record
pid optional
The process ID of the Vector instance.

Permissions

Platform: Amazon Web Services
Relevant policies
PolicyRequired forRequired when
s3:GetObject
  • operation
Platform: Amazon Web Services
Relevant policies
PolicyRequired forRequired when
sqs:ReceiveMessage
  • operation
strategy is set to sqs
sqs:DeleteMessage
  • operation
strategy is set to sqs and delete_message is set to true

How it works

AWS authentication

Vector checks for AWS credentials in the following order:

  1. The access_key_id and secret_access_key options.
  2. The AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY environment variables.
  3. The AWS credentials file (usually located at ~/.aws/credentials).
  4. The IAM instance profile (only works if running on an EC2 instance with an instance profile/role). Requires IMDSv2 to be enabled. For EKS, you may need to increase the metadata token response hop limit to 2.

Note that use of credentials_process in AWS credentials files is not supported as the underlying AWS SDK currently lacks support.

If no credentials are found, Vector’s health check fails and an error is logged. If your AWS credentials expire, Vector will automatically search for up-to-date credentials in the places (and order) described above.

Obtaining an access key

In general, we recommend using instance profiles/roles whenever possible. In cases where this is not possible you can generate an AWS access key for any user within your AWS account. AWS provides a detailed guide on how to do this. Such created AWS access keys can be used via access_key_id and secret_access_key options.

Assuming roles

Vector can assume an AWS IAM role via the assume_role option. This is an optional setting that is helpful for a variety of use cases, such as cross account access.

Context

By default, the aws_s3 source augments events with helpful context keys.

Handling events from the aws_s3 source

This source behaves very similarly to the file source in that it will output one event per line (unless the multiline configuration option is used).

You will commonly want to use transforms to parse the data. For example, to parse VPC flow logs sent to S3 you can chain the remap transform:

[transforms.flow_logs]
type = "remap" # required
inputs = ["s3"]
drop_on_error = false
source = '''
. = parse_aws_vpc_flow_log!(string!(.message))
'''

To parse AWS load balancer logs, the remap transform can be used:

[transforms.elasticloadbalancing_fields_parsed]
type = "remap" # required
inputs = ["s3"]
drop_on_error = false
source = '''
. = parse_aws_alb_log!(string!(.message))
.request_url_parts = parse_url!(.request_url)
'''

State

This component is stateless, meaning its behavior is consistent across each input.

Transport Layer Security (TLS)

Vector uses OpenSSL for TLS protocols. You can adjust TLS behavior via the tls.* options.